Local structure due to an aromatic-amide interaction observed by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonancespectroscopy in peptides related to the N terminus of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor

Johan Kemmink, Carlo P.M. van Mierlo, Ruud M. Scheek, Thomas E. Creighton

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Abstract

A synthetic peptide corresponding to the 15 N-terminal residues of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, with serine replacing the two cysteine residues, has been characterized by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This peptide has a very disordered conformation that is essentially the same when it is part of the analogue of the (30-51) one-disulphide intermediate in folding. This confirms the conclusion of a previous paper, that the (30-51) intermediate is partially folded, with the N-terminal segment disordered. Local elements of non-randomconformation were observed in the peptide. Especially prominent was an apparently electrostaticinteraction between the face of the aromatic ringof Tyr10 and the amide group of Gly12, which caused the latter to have a very anomalous chemicalshift. A similar interaction was observed in shorter peptides, especially in tetrapeptides with the sequences Tyr/Phe-X-Gly-Y. The local nature of this interaction indicates that it should be a general feature in peptides and in unfolded proteins with such a sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-322
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume230
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 1993

Keywords

  • Aromatic hydrogen bonds
  • Aromatic-amide interaction
  • Bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI)
  • NMR
  • Peptide conformation

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