Local dominance of exotic plants declines with residence time: a role for plant soil feedback?

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that introduced exotic plant species may escape from their native soil-borne pathogens, but that they become exposed to increased soil pathogen activity in the new range when time since introduction increases. Other studies have shown that introduced exotic plant species become less dominant when time since introduction increases, and that plant abundance may be controlled by soil-borne pathogens, however, no study yet has tested if these soil effects might explain the decline in dominance of exotic plant species following their initial invasiveness. Here we determine plant-soil feedback of 20 plant species that have been introduced into The Netherlands. We tested the hypotheses that (1) exotic plant species with a longer residence time have a more negative soil feedback, and (2) greater local dominance of the introduced exotic plant species correlates with less negative, or more positive plant-soil feedback. Although the local dominance of exotic plant species decreased with time since introduction, there was no relationship of local dominance with plant-soil feedback. Plant-soil feedback also did not become more negative with increasing time since introduction. We discuss why our results may deviate from some earlier published studies and why plant-soil feedback may not in all cases, or not in all comparisons explain patterns of local dominance of introduced exotic plant species.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberPLV021
Number of pages24
JournalAoB Plants
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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