Local availability of green and blue space and prevalence of common mental disorders in the Netherlands

Sjerp de Vries, Margreet ten Have, Saskia van Dorsselaer, Manja van Wezep, Tia Hermans, Ron de Graaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Previous studies revealed a relationship between residential green space availability and health, especially mental health. Studies on blue space are scarcer and results less conclusive. Aims: To investigate the hypotheses that green and blue space availability are negatively associated with anxiety and mood disorders, and positively associated with self-reported mental and general health. Method: Health data were derived from a nationally representative survey (NEMESIS-2, n=6621), using a diagnostic interview to assess disorders. Green and blue space availability were expressed as percentages of the area within 1 km from one's home. Results: The hypotheses were confirmed, except for green space and mood disorders. Associations were generally stronger for blue space than for green space, with ORs up to 0.74 for a 10%-point increase. Conclusions: Despite the different survey design and health measures, the results largely replicate those of previous studies on green space. Blue space availability deserves more systematic attention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-372
JournalBJPsych Open
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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  • Projects

    Natuur en Gezondheid (BO-11-013-007)

    de Vries, S.


    Project: EZproject

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