Local and systemic effect of azadirachtin on host choice and feeding activity of Macrosiphum rosae on rose plants

Imke Bartelsmeier*, Michael Kilian, Cindy J.M. ten Broeke, Daan Mertens, Marcel Dicke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Many studies in the last decades addressed the antifeedant and repellent effects of neem (Azadirachta indica)-based pesticides on arthropod herbivores with azadirachtin as the leading active ingredient. However, results for aphids regarding repellence and feeding were often contradictory and mainly based on laboratory studies with self-made neem extracts in high concentrations. Moreover, no data are available on the presence of azadirachtin in the phloem of treated plants—the tissue that most aphids feed on. We investigated how the application of the commercial neem product NeemAzal-T/S onto only one plant half (upper or lower) affects nymphs of the aphid Macrosiphum rosae in clip cages on the untreated plant half. Results for aphid mortality indicate that active ingredients of NeemAzal-T/S are translocated both upwards and downwards in rose plants and that active ingredients are transported in the phloem. Furthermore, we investigated whether NeemAzal-T/S has a repellent or antifeedant effect on M. rosae. A choice test in the greenhouse as well as the quantification of honeydew excretion and electrical penetration graph analysis do not show differences in settling or feeding on untreated and NeemAzal-T/S-treated rose plants. Collectively, our data show that the effect of approved concentrations of NeemAzal-T/S on M. rosae is based on the toxicity after feeding on treated plants, not on starvation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-204
JournalArthropod-Plant Interactions
Volume16
Issue number2
Early online date6 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Antifeedant
  • Aphids
  • Azadirachtin
  • IPM
  • Mode of action
  • Neem
  • Rose

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