Living in cold blood: Arcobacter, Campylobacter, and Helicobacter in reptiles

Maarten J. Gilbert, Birgitta Duim, Aldert L. Zomer, Jaap A. Wagenaar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Species of the Epsilonproteobacteria genera Arcobacter, Campylobacter, and Helicobacter are commonly associated with vertebrate hosts and some are considered significant pathogens. Vertebrate-associated Epsilonproteobacteria are often considered to be largely confined to endothermic mammals and birds. Recent studies have shown that ectothermic reptiles display a distinct and largely unique Epsilonproteobacteria community, including taxa which can cause disease in humans. Several Arcobacter taxa are widespread amongst reptiles and often show a broad host range. Reptiles carry a large diversity of unique and novel Helicobacter taxa, which apparently evolved in an ectothermic host. Some species, such as Campylobacter fetus, display a distinct intraspecies host dichotomy, with genetically divergent lineages occurring either in mammals or reptiles. These taxa can provide valuable insights in host adaptation and co-evolution between symbiont and host. Here, we present an overview of the biodiversity, ecology, epidemiology, and evolution of reptile-associated Epsilonproteobacteria from a broader vertebrate host perspective.

LanguageEnglish
Article number1086
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume10
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2019

Fingerprint

Arcobacter
Helicobacter
Epsilonproteobacteria
Campylobacter
Reptiles
Vertebrates
Mammals
Campylobacter fetus
Host Specificity
Biodiversity
Ecology
Birds
Epidemiology

Keywords

  • Arcobacter
  • Biodiversity
  • Campylobacter
  • Ecology
  • Epsilonproteobacteria
  • Evolution
  • Helicobacter
  • Reptile

Cite this

Gilbert, Maarten J. ; Duim, Birgitta ; Zomer, Aldert L. ; Wagenaar, Jaap A. / Living in cold blood: Arcobacter, Campylobacter, and Helicobacter in reptiles. In: Frontiers in Microbiology. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. MAY.
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title = "Living in cold blood: Arcobacter, Campylobacter, and Helicobacter in reptiles",
abstract = "Species of the Epsilonproteobacteria genera Arcobacter, Campylobacter, and Helicobacter are commonly associated with vertebrate hosts and some are considered significant pathogens. Vertebrate-associated Epsilonproteobacteria are often considered to be largely confined to endothermic mammals and birds. Recent studies have shown that ectothermic reptiles display a distinct and largely unique Epsilonproteobacteria community, including taxa which can cause disease in humans. Several Arcobacter taxa are widespread amongst reptiles and often show a broad host range. Reptiles carry a large diversity of unique and novel Helicobacter taxa, which apparently evolved in an ectothermic host. Some species, such as Campylobacter fetus, display a distinct intraspecies host dichotomy, with genetically divergent lineages occurring either in mammals or reptiles. These taxa can provide valuable insights in host adaptation and co-evolution between symbiont and host. Here, we present an overview of the biodiversity, ecology, epidemiology, and evolution of reptile-associated Epsilonproteobacteria from a broader vertebrate host perspective.",
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Living in cold blood: Arcobacter, Campylobacter, and Helicobacter in reptiles. / Gilbert, Maarten J.; Duim, Birgitta; Zomer, Aldert L.; Wagenaar, Jaap A.

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 10, No. MAY, 1086, 15.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Species of the Epsilonproteobacteria genera Arcobacter, Campylobacter, and Helicobacter are commonly associated with vertebrate hosts and some are considered significant pathogens. Vertebrate-associated Epsilonproteobacteria are often considered to be largely confined to endothermic mammals and birds. Recent studies have shown that ectothermic reptiles display a distinct and largely unique Epsilonproteobacteria community, including taxa which can cause disease in humans. Several Arcobacter taxa are widespread amongst reptiles and often show a broad host range. Reptiles carry a large diversity of unique and novel Helicobacter taxa, which apparently evolved in an ectothermic host. Some species, such as Campylobacter fetus, display a distinct intraspecies host dichotomy, with genetically divergent lineages occurring either in mammals or reptiles. These taxa can provide valuable insights in host adaptation and co-evolution between symbiont and host. Here, we present an overview of the biodiversity, ecology, epidemiology, and evolution of reptile-associated Epsilonproteobacteria from a broader vertebrate host perspective.

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