Livelihood and food security in rural Bangladesh- the role of social capital

A. Ali

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


This thesis describes the role of social capital of households and individuals in achieving livelihood and food security. In the research the temporal dimension and gender were cross-cutting perspectives. IFPRI panel data collected during 1996-1997 (pre-flood) and 1999-2000 (post-flood) were analyzed. To complement the IFPRI data an additional survey and the qualitative data was collected during 2001-2003. Panel data analysis shows that gender of the household head does not make a difference in achieving food security at the household level. However, gender of the household member is crucial for attaining individual level food security. Social capital plays an important role in averting vulnerability and sustaining livelihood, and is influenced by the landholding status of the house hold, which seems to function as collateral. The qualitative data revealed that women's social capital, when defined in a broader way, does play a crucial role in achieving household food security and averting vulnerability.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • Niehof, Anke, Promotor
Award date21 Nov 2005
Place of PublicationWageningen
Print ISBNs9789085042969
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2005


  • food security
  • living conditions
  • relationships
  • communities
  • society
  • human relations
  • gender relations
  • households
  • income
  • rural areas
  • living standards
  • women
  • Bangladesh
  • woman's status
  • social relations
  • woman and society
  • farm labour
  • livelihood strategies


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