Two series of dimers, in which two identical aromatic bent core mesogenic units are connected via an organosiloxane or an alkylene spacer, have been investigated. The dimers with a spacer consisting of a trisiloxane central group and relatively long alkylene groups show an intercalated tilted smectic structure. The layer spacings appear to be very weakly dependent on the terminal chain lengths. In these dimers the smectic phase is stabilized for the compounds with a short terminal chain. Dimers with an aliphatic alkylene spacer are liquid crystalline only when the spacer is relatively short and the terminal chains are long. For these dimers a monolayer tilted smectic phase is observed.
- polar order
- achiral molecules