Linking growing conditions to stable isotope ratios and elemental compositions of Costa Rican bananas (Musa spp.)

Zhijun Wang, Sara W. Erasmus, Pieter Dekker, Boli Guo, Jetse J. Stoorvogel, Saskia M. van Ruth*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Traceability of agricultural produce is getting increasingly important for numerous reasons including marketing, certification, and food safety. Globally, banana (Musa spp.) with its high nutritional value and easy accessibility, is a popular fruit among consumers. Bananas are produced throughout the (sub-)tropics under a wide range of environmental conditions. Environmental conditions could influence the composition of bananas. Understanding the effect of these conditions on fruit composition provides a way of increasing the fruit's traceability and linking it to its origin – a crucial aspect for the increasing global supply chain. In this study, we examined the influence of growing conditions on the isotopic and elemental composition of bananas produced in 15 Costa Rican farms. A total of 88 bananas (peel and pulp) were collected from the farms and analysed for isotopic signatures (δ13C, δ15N, and δ18O) and elemental compositions. The growing conditions were characterized in terms of climate, topography and soil conditions. The isotopic ratios differed significantly between groups of farms. The δ13C and δ15N values were mainly influenced by soil types, while rainfall and temperatures related more to the δ18O values. The elemental compositions of the bananas were primarily influenced by the local rainfall and soil types, while the geographical origin could be distinguished using principal component analysis. The overall results link the growing conditions to the isotopic and elemental compositions of bananas, thereby also providing a way to trace its origin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108882
JournalFood Research International
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Fingerprint

Musa
Isotopes
bananas
stable isotopes
traceability
Fruit
Soil
farms
soil types
rain
fruit composition
environmental factors
fruits
certification
supply chain
elemental composition
Food Safety
subtropics
Nutritive Value
Certification

Keywords

  • Banana
  • Elemental profiling
  • Geographical attribute
  • Stable isotopic fingerprinting

Cite this

@article{22e8174bb7954f80853a23afae32bfb1,
title = "Linking growing conditions to stable isotope ratios and elemental compositions of Costa Rican bananas (Musa spp.)",
abstract = "Traceability of agricultural produce is getting increasingly important for numerous reasons including marketing, certification, and food safety. Globally, banana (Musa spp.) with its high nutritional value and easy accessibility, is a popular fruit among consumers. Bananas are produced throughout the (sub-)tropics under a wide range of environmental conditions. Environmental conditions could influence the composition of bananas. Understanding the effect of these conditions on fruit composition provides a way of increasing the fruit's traceability and linking it to its origin – a crucial aspect for the increasing global supply chain. In this study, we examined the influence of growing conditions on the isotopic and elemental composition of bananas produced in 15 Costa Rican farms. A total of 88 bananas (peel and pulp) were collected from the farms and analysed for isotopic signatures (δ13C, δ15N, and δ18O) and elemental compositions. The growing conditions were characterized in terms of climate, topography and soil conditions. The isotopic ratios differed significantly between groups of farms. The δ13C and δ15N values were mainly influenced by soil types, while rainfall and temperatures related more to the δ18O values. The elemental compositions of the bananas were primarily influenced by the local rainfall and soil types, while the geographical origin could be distinguished using principal component analysis. The overall results link the growing conditions to the isotopic and elemental compositions of bananas, thereby also providing a way to trace its origin.",
keywords = "Banana, Elemental profiling, Geographical attribute, Stable isotopic fingerprinting",
author = "Zhijun Wang and Erasmus, {Sara W.} and Pieter Dekker and Boli Guo and Stoorvogel, {Jetse J.} and {van Ruth}, {Saskia M.}",
year = "2020",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108882",
language = "English",
volume = "129",
journal = "Food Research International",
issn = "0963-9969",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Linking growing conditions to stable isotope ratios and elemental compositions of Costa Rican bananas (Musa spp.)

AU - Wang, Zhijun

AU - Erasmus, Sara W.

AU - Dekker, Pieter

AU - Guo, Boli

AU - Stoorvogel, Jetse J.

AU - van Ruth, Saskia M.

PY - 2020/3/1

Y1 - 2020/3/1

N2 - Traceability of agricultural produce is getting increasingly important for numerous reasons including marketing, certification, and food safety. Globally, banana (Musa spp.) with its high nutritional value and easy accessibility, is a popular fruit among consumers. Bananas are produced throughout the (sub-)tropics under a wide range of environmental conditions. Environmental conditions could influence the composition of bananas. Understanding the effect of these conditions on fruit composition provides a way of increasing the fruit's traceability and linking it to its origin – a crucial aspect for the increasing global supply chain. In this study, we examined the influence of growing conditions on the isotopic and elemental composition of bananas produced in 15 Costa Rican farms. A total of 88 bananas (peel and pulp) were collected from the farms and analysed for isotopic signatures (δ13C, δ15N, and δ18O) and elemental compositions. The growing conditions were characterized in terms of climate, topography and soil conditions. The isotopic ratios differed significantly between groups of farms. The δ13C and δ15N values were mainly influenced by soil types, while rainfall and temperatures related more to the δ18O values. The elemental compositions of the bananas were primarily influenced by the local rainfall and soil types, while the geographical origin could be distinguished using principal component analysis. The overall results link the growing conditions to the isotopic and elemental compositions of bananas, thereby also providing a way to trace its origin.

AB - Traceability of agricultural produce is getting increasingly important for numerous reasons including marketing, certification, and food safety. Globally, banana (Musa spp.) with its high nutritional value and easy accessibility, is a popular fruit among consumers. Bananas are produced throughout the (sub-)tropics under a wide range of environmental conditions. Environmental conditions could influence the composition of bananas. Understanding the effect of these conditions on fruit composition provides a way of increasing the fruit's traceability and linking it to its origin – a crucial aspect for the increasing global supply chain. In this study, we examined the influence of growing conditions on the isotopic and elemental composition of bananas produced in 15 Costa Rican farms. A total of 88 bananas (peel and pulp) were collected from the farms and analysed for isotopic signatures (δ13C, δ15N, and δ18O) and elemental compositions. The growing conditions were characterized in terms of climate, topography and soil conditions. The isotopic ratios differed significantly between groups of farms. The δ13C and δ15N values were mainly influenced by soil types, while rainfall and temperatures related more to the δ18O values. The elemental compositions of the bananas were primarily influenced by the local rainfall and soil types, while the geographical origin could be distinguished using principal component analysis. The overall results link the growing conditions to the isotopic and elemental compositions of bananas, thereby also providing a way to trace its origin.

KW - Banana

KW - Elemental profiling

KW - Geographical attribute

KW - Stable isotopic fingerprinting

U2 - 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108882

DO - 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108882

M3 - Article

VL - 129

JO - Food Research International

JF - Food Research International

SN - 0963-9969

M1 - 108882

ER -