Like a fish in water: Habitus adaptation mechanisms of informal tourism entrepreneurs in Thailand

Erdinç Çakmak*, Rico Lie, Tom Selwyn, Cees Leeuwis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article investigates possible pathways of habitus change by informal tourism entrepreneurs in Thailand. Bourdieu's concept of habitus is depicted as a person's understanding of the world. Do people adapt their worldview in response to only external stimuli? Through ethnographic fieldwork including participant observations and active semi-structured interviews with 53 participants, this paper identifies a classification of four modes of habitus adaptation: (1) Understanding and appreciating the field and its conditions, (2) Challenging core beliefs systems, (3) Applying a practical sense to ‘objective possibilities’, and, (4) Challenging non-reflective dispositions. We argue that charting the modes of habitus adaptation could help policymakers understand the change processes of informal entrepreneurs in the tourism sector and their willingness to change.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103262
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Volume90
Early online date17 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Bourdieu
  • Ethnography
  • Habitus change
  • Informal tourism entrepreneurs
  • Social structural change
  • Thailand

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