Lignocellulosic Biomass Quality: Matching Characteristics With Biomass Conversion Requirements

H.W. Elbersen, T.M. Lammens, E.A. Alankangas, E. Annevelink, P.F.H. Harmsen, B.S. Elbersen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass consists mostly of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose, and to a more or lesser extent other plant components such as sugars, starch, acids, fats, and oils, and last but not least water (moisture) and ash. Quality is essentially a set of biomass characteristics that determine the value of that biomass type for a certain conversion system. Fundamental biomass quality characteristics determine if biomass can be matched to a conversion system. We distinguish “fundamental” biomass characteristics from thermal conversion to be chlorine and ash content and ash melting temperature. For biological conversion, carbohydrate and lignin are the most relevant, while for anaerobic digestion biogas yield and digestate applicability are the most important. Other quality characteristics can more easily be adjusted such as particle size, moisture content, and bulk density. It is important to understand what determines the quality composition of biomass so that quality can be optimized. Plant type, plant part, soil type, time of harvest can determine that quality.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains
Subtitle of host publicationTop down and bottom up assessment for agricultural, forest and waste feedstock
EditorsC. Panoutsou
PublisherAcademic Press
Chapter3
Pages55-78
ISBN (Print)9780128123034
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

biomass
lignin
anaerobic digestion
melting point
biogas
chlorine
hemicellulose
ash content
plant anatomy
bulk density
particle size
soil types
cellulose
starch
carbohydrates
sugars
water content
heat
oils
acids

Cite this

Elbersen, H. W., Lammens, T. M., Alankangas, E. A., Annevelink, E., Harmsen, P. F. H., & Elbersen, B. S. (2017). Lignocellulosic Biomass Quality: Matching Characteristics With Biomass Conversion Requirements. In C. Panoutsou (Ed.), Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains: Top down and bottom up assessment for agricultural, forest and waste feedstock (pp. 55-78). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812303-4.00003-3
Elbersen, H.W. ; Lammens, T.M. ; Alankangas, E.A. ; Annevelink, E. ; Harmsen, P.F.H. ; Elbersen, B.S. / Lignocellulosic Biomass Quality: Matching Characteristics With Biomass Conversion Requirements. Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains: Top down and bottom up assessment for agricultural, forest and waste feedstock. editor / C. Panoutsou. Academic Press, 2017. pp. 55-78
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Elbersen, HW, Lammens, TM, Alankangas, EA, Annevelink, E, Harmsen, PFH & Elbersen, BS 2017, Lignocellulosic Biomass Quality: Matching Characteristics With Biomass Conversion Requirements. in C Panoutsou (ed.), Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains: Top down and bottom up assessment for agricultural, forest and waste feedstock. Academic Press, pp. 55-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812303-4.00003-3

Lignocellulosic Biomass Quality: Matching Characteristics With Biomass Conversion Requirements. / Elbersen, H.W.; Lammens, T.M.; Alankangas, E.A.; Annevelink, E.; Harmsen, P.F.H.; Elbersen, B.S.

Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains: Top down and bottom up assessment for agricultural, forest and waste feedstock. ed. / C. Panoutsou. Academic Press, 2017. p. 55-78.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Elbersen, H.W.

AU - Lammens, T.M.

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AU - Harmsen, P.F.H.

AU - Elbersen, B.S.

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AB - Lignocellulosic biomass consists mostly of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose, and to a more or lesser extent other plant components such as sugars, starch, acids, fats, and oils, and last but not least water (moisture) and ash. Quality is essentially a set of biomass characteristics that determine the value of that biomass type for a certain conversion system. Fundamental biomass quality characteristics determine if biomass can be matched to a conversion system. We distinguish “fundamental” biomass characteristics from thermal conversion to be chlorine and ash content and ash melting temperature. For biological conversion, carbohydrate and lignin are the most relevant, while for anaerobic digestion biogas yield and digestate applicability are the most important. Other quality characteristics can more easily be adjusted such as particle size, moisture content, and bulk density. It is important to understand what determines the quality composition of biomass so that quality can be optimized. Plant type, plant part, soil type, time of harvest can determine that quality.

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BT - Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains

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Elbersen HW, Lammens TM, Alankangas EA, Annevelink E, Harmsen PFH, Elbersen BS. Lignocellulosic Biomass Quality: Matching Characteristics With Biomass Conversion Requirements. In Panoutsou C, editor, Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains: Top down and bottom up assessment for agricultural, forest and waste feedstock. Academic Press. 2017. p. 55-78 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812303-4.00003-3