Lignocellulose-Based Chemical Products

Ed de Jong*, Richard J.A. Gosselink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of plant biomass as starting material is one of the alternatives to reduce the dependency on fossil oil for transportation fuels and is the main alternative to replace petrochemicals. The biomass can be transformed into energy, transportation fuels, various chemical compounds and materials such as natural fibers by biochemical, chemical, physical and thermal processes. The fermentation and the chemical conversion of carbohydrates into value-added compounds has received increasing interest in the last decade, and in a biorefinery different advantages may be taken from both processes. However, the potential competition with food and feed applications and the consequent rise in feedstock prices is an important aspect to take into consideration. Therefore the use of lignocellulosic feedstocks (often referred to as second-generation feedstocks) is strongly advocated. In addition to carbohydrates also substantial amounts of lignin is produced when using lignocellulosic feedstocks. In this chapter the composition of lignocellulosic biomass is discussed followed by an overview of the most important pretreatment and fractionation technologies. Especially the effect of the different technologies on the subsequent fermentative/chemocatalytic conversions is addressed. The importance is illustrated by an overview of the most important commercial as well as anticipated chemical building blocks from carbohydrates and lignin with a special emphasis on the production of furan-based building blocks from carbohydrates and aromatic building blocks originating from lignin.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioenergy Research
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances and Applications
PublisherElsevier Inc. Academic Press
Chapter17
Pages277-313
Number of pages37
ISBN (Print)9780444595614
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Acid hydrolysis
  • Aromatic compounds
  • Cellulose
  • Furfural
  • Galactose
  • Glucose
  • Hemicellulose
  • HMF
  • Hydrothermal
  • Ionic liquids, Lignocellulose
  • Lignin
  • Mannose
  • Pretreatment
  • Steam explosion
  • Supercritical
  • Xylose

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