The common mushroom Agaricus bisporus is a non-white rot saphrophytic fungus that can degrade lignin to free and utilize holocellulose embedded in fermented straw as present in compost. A new method is described to estimate the actual amount of bioavailable holocellulose in 3.8 kg compost cultures spawned with A. bisporus Horst U1 prior to and during a cultivation with two cycles of mushroom harvesting. The method shows that the initial amount of bioavailable holocellulose per culture, accounting for 130 +/- 22 g, is lower than the total holocellulose consumption by A. bisporus accounting for 182 +/- 15 g. This difference is explained by a 30% increase in bioavailable holocellulose. The increase is caused by the degradation of 95 +/- 3 g of holocellulose-shielding lignin. The results are discussed within the scope of the A. bisporus mushroom yield and lignin degradation by white rot fungi during growth on lignocellulose-containing materials.
- mushroom compost