Levelling the playing field for EU biomass usage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The threats of climate change, food security, resource depletion and energy security are driving society towards a sustainable low-carbon future. Within this paradigm, biomass plays an invaluable role in meeting the food, feed, energy and material needs of future generations. Current EU thinking advocates biomass for high-value materials, which is not aligned with EU public policy support for ‘lower value’ bioenergy applications. ‘High-technology’ and ‘no bioenergy mandate’ pathways explore market conditions that generate a more equitable distribution between competing biomass conversion technologies and competing biomass and fossil technologies. In achieving greater equity, these pathways ease biomass market tensions; enhance EU food security; improve EU biobased trade balances; accelerate biomaterial sectors’ output performance and favour macroeconomic growth. Moreover, an additional 80% increase in the oil price signals a tipping point in favour of first generation biofuels, whilst simultaneously boosting output in advanced material conversion technologies even more than the high-technology pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-177
JournalEconomic Systems Research
Volume31
Issue number2
Early online date1 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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Biomass
Leveling
Pathway
Bioenergy
High technology
Food security
Resource depletion
Climate change
Energy security
Carbon
Food
Equity
Public policy
Energy
Threat
Trade balance
Oil prices
Boosting
Biomaterials
Macroeconomics

Keywords

  • Bioeconomy
  • CGE
  • foresight study
  • MAGNET

Cite this

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title = "Levelling the playing field for EU biomass usage",
abstract = "The threats of climate change, food security, resource depletion and energy security are driving society towards a sustainable low-carbon future. Within this paradigm, biomass plays an invaluable role in meeting the food, feed, energy and material needs of future generations. Current EU thinking advocates biomass for high-value materials, which is not aligned with EU public policy support for ‘lower value’ bioenergy applications. ‘High-technology’ and ‘no bioenergy mandate’ pathways explore market conditions that generate a more equitable distribution between competing biomass conversion technologies and competing biomass and fossil technologies. In achieving greater equity, these pathways ease biomass market tensions; enhance EU food security; improve EU biobased trade balances; accelerate biomaterial sectors’ output performance and favour macroeconomic growth. Moreover, an additional 80{\%} increase in the oil price signals a tipping point in favour of first generation biofuels, whilst simultaneously boosting output in advanced material conversion technologies even more than the high-technology pathway.",
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author = "George Philippidis and Heleen Bartelings and John Helming and Robert M’barek and Edward Smeets and {van Meijl}, Hans",
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Levelling the playing field for EU biomass usage. / Philippidis, George; Bartelings, Heleen; Helming, John; M’barek, Robert; Smeets, Edward; van Meijl, Hans.

In: Economic Systems Research, Vol. 31, No. 2, 04.2019, p. 158-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Philippidis, George

AU - Bartelings, Heleen

AU - Helming, John

AU - M’barek, Robert

AU - Smeets, Edward

AU - van Meijl, Hans

PY - 2019/4

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AB - The threats of climate change, food security, resource depletion and energy security are driving society towards a sustainable low-carbon future. Within this paradigm, biomass plays an invaluable role in meeting the food, feed, energy and material needs of future generations. Current EU thinking advocates biomass for high-value materials, which is not aligned with EU public policy support for ‘lower value’ bioenergy applications. ‘High-technology’ and ‘no bioenergy mandate’ pathways explore market conditions that generate a more equitable distribution between competing biomass conversion technologies and competing biomass and fossil technologies. In achieving greater equity, these pathways ease biomass market tensions; enhance EU food security; improve EU biobased trade balances; accelerate biomaterial sectors’ output performance and favour macroeconomic growth. Moreover, an additional 80% increase in the oil price signals a tipping point in favour of first generation biofuels, whilst simultaneously boosting output in advanced material conversion technologies even more than the high-technology pathway.

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