Parasitism is a popular life style among members of the phylum Nematoda. Around 46% of the 27,000 described nematode species use either a plant or an animal as a primary food source. Molecular phylogenetics has aided in deciphering patterns of evolution and diversification among plant parasitic nematodes. Alignments comprising over 5000 nearly full-length small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences (each approximately 1700 bp) with a fairly good coverage of all extant nematode families allowed to pinpoint patterns with regard to the appearance of plant parasitism. This chapter describes the soil biome, identification of nematode and microbial community in soil, as well as the activity of microbiome. Future plant parasitic nematode management strategies are also mentioned. Exploring and boosting the soil suppressive potential will be a major additional tool in the foreseeable future.
|Title of host publication||Integrated nematode management|
|Subtitle of host publication||State-of-the-art and visions for the future|
|Editors||Richard A. Sikora, Johan Desaeger, Leendert Molendijk|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|