Learning from histories of gender and racial segregation in agricultural education and extension worldwide

Margreet van der Burg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter discusses what we can learn from the long history of mostly forgotten attempts to better serve equality through agricultural education systems. The chapter first demonstrates how gender, racial and other social biases and segregation have been built in the foundation of agricultural education systems worldwide despite challenges of the mirrored biases and hierarchies in budgets, teachers’ positions, and educational contents. Three countries serve as examples for the integration, normalisation and transfer worldwide: the Netherlands, USA, and colonial Ghana. Furthermore, the chapter presents initiatives from the 1970s onwards that challenged these foundations as unfair and ineffective but never effected structural change. It concludes that lifting segregation is not sufficient nor is the inclusion of formerly segregated groups. To achieve agricultural education systems to work in socially just and agriculturally viable ways, integration is required to include all farm-related domains and to challenge normalised biases often grounded in Western views including farm family ideology.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Politics of Knowledge in Inclusive Development and Innovation
EditorsD. Ludwig, B. Boogaard, P. Macnaghten, C. Leeuwis
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter9
Pages147-162
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9781003112525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2021

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  • Making knowledge work in practice

    Vellema, S., Adomaa, F. O. & Schoonhoven-Speijer, M., 8 Oct 2021, The Politics of Knowledge in Inclusive Development and Innovation. Ludwig, D., Boogaard, B., Macnaghten, P. & Leeuwis, C. (eds.). 1 ed. London: Routledge, p. 256-268

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access

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