Leaf area estimation by considering leaf dimensions in olive tree

Georgios Koubouris, Dimitris Bouranis, Efraim Vogiatzis, Abdolhossein Rezaei Nejad, Habtamu Giday, Georgios Tsaniklidis, Eleftherios K. Ligoxigakis, Konstantinos Blazakis, Panagiotis Kalaitzis, Dimitrios Fanourakis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Area (LA) estimation, based on individual leaf dimensions [length (L) and width (W)], was addressed in olive tree. Ten cultivars exposed to two watering regimes (irrigated versus rainfed) under field conditions were examined. Petiole length, leaf L, W, perimeter, base and apex angles, four shape indicators, together with LA were digitally assessed in fully-expanded leaves (480 leaves per treatment; 9.600 leaves in total). Large cultivar differences mainly in leaf size and secondarily in leaf shape were apparent. All parameters were affected by water deficit, but to a cultivar dependent extent. Leaf size was generally reduced by lack of irrigation in most cultivars. LA was estimated with higher accuracy by employing L alone, as compared to W alone, in eight cultivars. LA estimation was always improved by considering both L and W simultaneously, as compared to a single dimension. By studying each cultivar individually, LA estimation was within accepted limits (0.71 ≤ R2 ≤ 0.92) in nine cultivars, whereas in the tenth one a moderate R2 (0.63) was obtained. The accuracy of this estimation was not improved by pooling the data of all cultivars. Watering did not significantly affect the relation between estimated and measured LA. The obtained data indicate that a universal LA estimation model for olive tree carries the pitfall of moderate accuracy, owing only to cultivar differences, since environmental effects were trivial.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-445
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2018


  • Leaf length
  • Leaf shape
  • Leaf size
  • Leaf width
  • Nondestructive methods
  • Olea europaea


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