Latitudinal variation in soil nematode communities under climate warming-related range-expanding and native plants

Rutger A. Wilschut, Stefan Geisen, Henk Martens, Olga Kostenko, Mattias de Hollander, Freddy C. ten Hooven, Carolin Weser, L.B. Snoek, Janneke Bloem, Danka Caković, Tatjana Čelik, Kadri Koorem, Nikos Krigas, Marta Manrubia, Kelly S. Ramirez, Maria A. Tsiafouli, Branko Vreš, Wim H. van der Putten

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Abstract

Current climate change has led to latitudinal and altitudinal range expansions of numerous species. During such range expansions, plant species are expected to experience changes in interactions with other organisms, especially with belowground biota that have a limited dispersal capacity. Nematodes form a key component of the belowground food web as they include bacterivores, fungivores, omnivores and root herbivores. However, their community composition under climate change-driven intracontinental range-expanding plants has been studied almost exclusively under controlled conditions, whereas little is known about actual patterns in the field. Here, we use novel molecular sequencing techniques combined with morphological quantification in order to examine nematode communities in the rhizospheres of four range-expanding and four congeneric native species along a 2,000 km latitudinal transect from South-Eastern to North-Western Europe. We tested the hypotheses that latitudinal shifts in nematode community composition are stronger in range-expanding plant species than in congeneric natives and that in their new range, range-expanding plant species accumulate fewest root-feeding nematodes. Our results show latitudinal variation in nematode community composition of both range expanders and native plant species, while operational taxonomic unit richness remained the same across ranges. Therefore, range-expanding plant species face different nematode communities at higher latitudes, but this is also the case for widespread native plant species. Only one of the four range-expanding plant species showed a stronger shift in nematode community composition than its congeneric native and accumulated fewer root-feeding nematodes in its new range. We conclude that variation in nematode community composition with increasing latitude occurs for both range-expanding and native plant species and that some range-expanding plant species may become released from root-feeding nematodes in the new range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2714-2726
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

nematode
warming
Soils
climate
Chemical analysis
community composition
soil
Climate change
Plant expansion
range expansion
plant species
climate change
native species
food web
rhizosphere
biota
herbivore
transect

Keywords

  • Centaurea stoebe
  • enemy release hypothesis
  • plant-pathogenic nematodes
  • range expansion
  • range-expanding plant species
  • root-feeding nematodes

Cite this

Wilschut, Rutger A. ; Geisen, Stefan ; Martens, Henk ; Kostenko, Olga ; de Hollander, Mattias ; ten Hooven, Freddy C. ; Weser, Carolin ; Snoek, L.B. ; Bloem, Janneke ; Caković, Danka ; Čelik, Tatjana ; Koorem, Kadri ; Krigas, Nikos ; Manrubia, Marta ; Ramirez, Kelly S. ; Tsiafouli, Maria A. ; Vreš, Branko ; van der Putten, Wim H. / Latitudinal variation in soil nematode communities under climate warming-related range-expanding and native plants. In: Global Change Biology. 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 8. pp. 2714-2726.
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abstract = "Current climate change has led to latitudinal and altitudinal range expansions of numerous species. During such range expansions, plant species are expected to experience changes in interactions with other organisms, especially with belowground biota that have a limited dispersal capacity. Nematodes form a key component of the belowground food web as they include bacterivores, fungivores, omnivores and root herbivores. However, their community composition under climate change-driven intracontinental range-expanding plants has been studied almost exclusively under controlled conditions, whereas little is known about actual patterns in the field. Here, we use novel molecular sequencing techniques combined with morphological quantification in order to examine nematode communities in the rhizospheres of four range-expanding and four congeneric native species along a 2,000 km latitudinal transect from South-Eastern to North-Western Europe. We tested the hypotheses that latitudinal shifts in nematode community composition are stronger in range-expanding plant species than in congeneric natives and that in their new range, range-expanding plant species accumulate fewest root-feeding nematodes. Our results show latitudinal variation in nematode community composition of both range expanders and native plant species, while operational taxonomic unit richness remained the same across ranges. Therefore, range-expanding plant species face different nematode communities at higher latitudes, but this is also the case for widespread native plant species. Only one of the four range-expanding plant species showed a stronger shift in nematode community composition than its congeneric native and accumulated fewer root-feeding nematodes in its new range. We conclude that variation in nematode community composition with increasing latitude occurs for both range-expanding and native plant species and that some range-expanding plant species may become released from root-feeding nematodes in the new range.",
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Wilschut, RA, Geisen, S, Martens, H, Kostenko, O, de Hollander, M, ten Hooven, FC, Weser, C, Snoek, LB, Bloem, J, Caković, D, Čelik, T, Koorem, K, Krigas, N, Manrubia, M, Ramirez, KS, Tsiafouli, MA, Vreš, B & van der Putten, WH 2019, 'Latitudinal variation in soil nematode communities under climate warming-related range-expanding and native plants' Global Change Biology, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2714-2726. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14657

Latitudinal variation in soil nematode communities under climate warming-related range-expanding and native plants. / Wilschut, Rutger A.; Geisen, Stefan; Martens, Henk; Kostenko, Olga; de Hollander, Mattias; ten Hooven, Freddy C.; Weser, Carolin; Snoek, L.B.; Bloem, Janneke; Caković, Danka; Čelik, Tatjana; Koorem, Kadri; Krigas, Nikos; Manrubia, Marta; Ramirez, Kelly S.; Tsiafouli, Maria A.; Vreš, Branko; van der Putten, Wim H.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 25, No. 8, 01.08.2019, p. 2714-2726.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Latitudinal variation in soil nematode communities under climate warming-related range-expanding and native plants

AU - Wilschut, Rutger A.

AU - Geisen, Stefan

AU - Martens, Henk

AU - Kostenko, Olga

AU - de Hollander, Mattias

AU - ten Hooven, Freddy C.

AU - Weser, Carolin

AU - Snoek, L.B.

AU - Bloem, Janneke

AU - Caković, Danka

AU - Čelik, Tatjana

AU - Koorem, Kadri

AU - Krigas, Nikos

AU - Manrubia, Marta

AU - Ramirez, Kelly S.

AU - Tsiafouli, Maria A.

AU - Vreš, Branko

AU - van der Putten, Wim H.

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KW - Centaurea stoebe

KW - enemy release hypothesis

KW - plant-pathogenic nematodes

KW - range expansion

KW - range-expanding plant species

KW - root-feeding nematodes

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.14657

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EP - 2726

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

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