Landforms and soils in eastern Surinam (South America)

M.W.H. de Boer

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


<br/>Quaternary geogenesis in eastern Surinam was studied by field methods and sedimentary-petrographic research. The development of the river valleys was explained in terms of changes in sea level, tectonic movements and changes in climate. A preliminary stratigraphy was established.<p/>Eight soil profiles were selected for a detailed study of pedogenesis. For this purpose the field data were combined with the results of thin-section analysis and chemical research, including X-ray microprobe analysis. To interpret the mechanical data, a rectangular diagram after Doeglas was used. The chemical data were recalculated into the normative mineralogical composition according to van der Plas & van Schuylenborgh and Burri. Thus bioturbation, clay migration, ferrallization, plinthization, podzolization and the genesis of arable soils were studied.<p/>27 soil profiles were classified by the American, the French, and the Brazilian system.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Buringh, P., Promotor, External person
  • Doeglas, D.J., Co-promotor, External person
Award date3 Mar 1972
Place of PublicationWageningen
Print ISBNs9789022003824
Publication statusPublished - 1972


  • geology
  • geomorphology
  • horizons
  • land evaluation
  • soil formation
  • soil suitability
  • soil surveys
  • suriname
  • weathering
  • quaternary


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