Land Redistribution in South Africa- beneficiation and land use

A.J. Netshipale, S.J. Oosting, E.N. Raidimi, M.L. Mashiloane, I.J.M. de Boer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract


Land redistribution programme has been going on in South Africa for the past two decades; with anticipation that it will address national challenges of inequalities, food insecurity and unemployment. Studies on land redistribution programmes had been based on few farms and could not provide general assessment of the programme. This study focused on large number of redistributed farms in the Waterberg District Municipality, with an aim of analysing the effect of changes made to the land redistribution programme (leading to four distinguishable models over time) on the degree of beneficiation and the extent of land use. Data were collected through individual surveys, key informants interviews and stakeholder workshop. The numbers of beneficiaries and the level of beneficiary participation, both on averages per farm, were different (p<0.05) among land redistribution models. The extent of land used for crops differed (p<0.05) among models when expressed in hectares per farm, but no differences were observed when expressed as percentage of total farm land. The number of beneficiaries decreased while the level of beneficiary participation decreased over time. The extent of land used for livestock differed (p<0.05) among models when expressed both in hectares and as percentages of total farm land. Although the models differed in extent of land used, there were no identifiable trends over time. The changes in land redistribution programme over time were found to be a trade-off between the number of beneficiaries and level of participation. The lack of trends on extent of land use could be attributed to the fact that previous land ownership, intended land us, developments in agricultural sector of an area and the social class of beneficiaries represented the context in which land redistribution was being implemented. All these factors did not result in systematic trends on the extent of land use.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBook of abstracts WIAS Science Day 2016
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2016
EventWIAS Science Day 2016 - Wageningen, Netherlands
Duration: 2 Feb 20162 Feb 2016


ConferenceWIAS Science Day 2016

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