Lake retention of manufactured nanoparticles

A.A. Koelmans, J.T.K. Quik, I. Velzeboer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


For twenty-five world lakes and three engineered nanoparticles (ENP), lake retention was calculated using a uniformly mixed lake mass balance model. This follows similar approaches traditionally used in water quality management. Lakes were selected such that lake residence times, depths and areal hydraulic loadings covered the widest possible range among existing lakes. Sedimentation accounted for natural colloid as well as suspended solid settling regimes. An ENP-specific mixed sedimentation regime is proposed. This regime combines ENP sedimentation through slow settling with natural colloids from the water column, with faster settling with suspended solids from a selected part of the water column. Although sedimentation data and hydrodynamic concepts as such were not new, their first time combination for application to ENPs shows in which cases lake retention is important for these particles. In combination with ENP emission data, lake retention translates directly into potential risks of ENPs for lake benthic communities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-175
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • engineered nanomaterials
  • tio2 nanoparticles
  • fate models
  • aggregation
  • environment
  • sediment
  • exposure
  • heteroaggregation
  • impacts
  • release


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