Lack of evidence for zoonotic transmission of Schmallenberg virus

C. Reusken, C. van den Wijngaard, P. van Beek, M. Beer, R.J. Bouwstra, G.J. Godeke, L. Isken, H. van den Kerkhof, W. van Pelt, W.H.M. van der Poel, J. Reimerink, P. Schielen, J. Schmidt-Chanasit, P. Vellema, A. de Vries, I. Wouters, M.P.G. Koopmans

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Abstract

The emergence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus, in ruminants in Europe triggered a joint veterinary and public health response to address the possible consequences to human health. Use of a risk profiling algorithm enabled the conclusion that the risk for zoonotic transmission of SBV could not be excluded completely. Self-reported health problems were monitored, and a serologic study was initiated among persons living and/or working on SBV-affected farms. In the study set-up, we addressed the vector and direct transmission routes for putative zoonotic transfer. In total, 69 sheep farms, 4 goat farms, and 50 cattle farms were included. No evidence for SBV-neutralizing antibodies was found in serum of 301 participants. The lack of evidence for zoonotic transmission from either syndromic illness monitoring or serologic testing of presumably highly exposed persons suggests that the public health risk for SBV, given the current situation, is absent or extremely low.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1746-1754
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • genus orthobunyavirus
  • hemorrhagic-fever
  • simbu serogroup
  • northern brazil
  • oropouche virus
  • reassortant
  • infection
  • disease
  • arboviruses
  • bunyavirus

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