Krymsk®1 (VVA-1), A dwarfing rootstock suitable for high density plum orchards in the Netherlands

F.M. Maas, J.M.T. Balkhoven-Baart, G. Heijerman-Peppelman, P.A.H. van der Steeg

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Krymsk®:1 (Prunus tomentosa × Prunus cerasifera) was selected by Gennady Eremin at the Krymsk Breeding Station in Russia in 1966. Since 1994, it has been tested as a rootstock for several plum cultivars in The Netherlands. Graft compatibility was good for scion cultivars ‘Avalon’, ‘Excalibur’, ‘Jubileum’, ‘Opal’, and ‘Victoria’. Growth and production efficiency of plum on Krymsk®:1 was compared with that of plum on St. Julien A and, depending on the cultivar, also with Ferlenain, Otesani 8 and Pixy. With all cultivars, trees on rootstock Krymsk®:1 were by far the least vigorous, most precocious, and most production efficient. The production efficiency of ‘Avalon’ and ‘Excalibur’ on Krymsk®:1 grown for 10 years was 0.41 and 0.26 kg/cm² trunk cross sectional area, respectively, 3.4 and 4.3 times higher on Krymsk®:1 than on St. Julien A. With ‘Opal’ the production efficiency calculated over the first 5 years after planting was 2 to 3 times higher than on St. Julien A, but this difference became non significant after 7 years of cultivation. This was due to the much higher increase in production per tree during the 5th and 6th leaf of the trees on St. Julien A than on Krymsk®:1. Fruit size of ‘Opal’, ‘Avalon’ and ‘Excalibur’ was similar for trees grown on Krymsk®:1 and St. Julien A. With ‘Victoria’ fruit size was significantly larger (5 g) with Krymsk®:1 than with St. Julien A. Krymsk®:1 also increased the percentage of first pick by 15%, the sugar content by 9%, enhanced the development of fruit overcolour and reduced the percentage of fruits with gummosis in ‘Victoria’ plums. Dutch fruit growers show great interest in Krymsk®:1 as a rootstock for plum, as this rootstock makes high density plum orchards feasible. Growers switching to trees on Krymsk®1 have to take more care of their trees, especially in the first years after planting. Pruning, irrigation, and fertilization of the trees need much more attention in order to keep the trees vigorous and ensure good production levels. From 2002 to spring 2008, 120,000 plum trees on Krymsk®1 have been planted in The Netherlands and planting densities have increased from 830 up to 2,285 trees/ha. The main cultivar planted is ‘Victoria’.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the IX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, Geneva, NY, USA
    Pages547-554
    Volume903
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    EventIX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, NY, USA -
    Duration: 4 Aug 20088 Aug 2008

    Conference

    ConferenceIX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, NY, USA
    Period4/08/088/08/08

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  • Cite this

    Maas, F. M., Balkhoven-Baart, J. M. T., Heijerman-Peppelman, G., & van der Steeg, P. A. H. (2011). Krymsk®1 (VVA-1), A dwarfing rootstock suitable for high density plum orchards in the Netherlands. In Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Integrating Canopy, Rootstock and Environmental Physiology in Orchard Systems, Geneva, NY, USA (Vol. 903, pp. 547-554) https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.903.76