Knudsen Diffusion in finite-size channels from a forst-passage point of view.

A.J. Dammers, M.O. Coppens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We studied the distribution of molecular hits on the wall of a finite cylindrical channel in the Knudsen regime. Particles entered the channel and either returned to the entrance or were transmitted to the opposite channel end. Using a first-passage approach we derived expressions for the spatial distributions of hitting probabilities. Monte Carlo simulations essentially confirmed the theoretical predictions, but significant boundary effects were observed. We related these to distributions of chord lengths {r}: g(r), characterizing chords connecting entrance positions and the locations of the first hit, and f(r), representing chords connecting two consecutive collision points. An interesting numerical observation is their asymptotic (large r) behavior: g(r) 1/r3 and f(r) 1/r4. We present analytical calculations sustaining these power laws
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-386
Number of pages17
JournalSoft Materials
Volume10
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • gas molecules
  • pore walls
  • systems
  • tubes
  • flow

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