Knowledge sharing in inter-organisational teams: the role of the advice network and the substitutive role of the formal network in an R&D alliance

Xiao Wang, Hans van der Bij, Wilfred Dolfsma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Innovation is about individuals collaborating to share existing knowledge and create new knowledge. Increasingly these collaborations cross organisational boundaries, like in R&D alliances. Many of these alliances are coopetitive, partners cooperate, but also compete with each other. Although knowledge sharing in coopetitive settings has been studied on the firm and the unit level, the micro (individual) level is underresearched. We consider individual alliance-related work performance of alliance members in a (moderately) coopetitive R&D alliance, drawing on social network theory and the organisational coordination perspective. We examine the influence of individual alliance members’ position and level of activity in the alliance advice network on their work performance. We also examine the substitutive role of the alliance formal network, representing the official channels of knowledge sharing. We suggest that individuals’ work performance is better explained by their position in the formal network, rather than in the advice network.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1160-1185
JournalIndustry and Innovation
Volume27
Issue number10
Early online date2 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • advice network
  • Coopetitive R&D alliance
  • formal network
  • individual work performance
  • knowledge sharing
  • tie strength

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