Job Creation and Job Destruction in the EU Agriculture

L.K.E. Dries, P. Ciaian, D.A. Kancs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This is the first paper to study job creation and destruction in EU agriculture. We disaggregate gross employment patterns and net job flows into detailed intra-sectoral labour adjustment dynamics based on a unique EU-wide farm level panel dataset for 1990–2005. We find that: (1) job creation and destruction rates in EU agriculture are comparable to other sectors; (2) there is some evidence of ongoing substitution of family labour for hired labour; (3) there are important differences in job creation and destruction rates between different Member States; (4) these differences can be attributed to structural differences across countries, sectors and farm types; (5) time variation of job reallocation fluctuates countercyclically; and (6) idiosyncratic effects are the main driver of time variance in job reallocation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-608
JournalFood Policy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • off-farm labor
  • work decisions
  • transition
  • reallocation
  • growth


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