This article discusses to the evaluation of the economic sustainability of genetically modified free, “GM-free”, product labeling. The rules and regulations governing the “GM-free” product label in the European Union are discussed in detail. The major question we address is whether the supply of “GM-free” labelled animal products can be an economically sustainable strategy. We discuss this question against the backdrop of emerging supply chain risks caused by low-level presence (LLP) of unapproved GM organisms (GMOs) as well as the asynchronous approval of GMOs.
|Journal||Quarterly Journal of Economic Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|