Isotype specific ELISAs to detect antibodies against swine vesicular disease virus and their use in epidemiology

A. Dekker, F. van Hemert-Kluitenberg, C.A. Baars-Lorist, C. Terpstra

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Isotype specific ELISAs to detect antibodies against swine vesicular disease, which may help to estimate the moment of infection, were developed and validated on sera from pigs experimentally infected with four different isolates of swine vesicular disease virus. Virus specific IgM antibodies could be detected from days 3¿49 and occasionally up to day 91 after infection. IgG1 antibodies were first detected at day 8 and IgG2 at day 11. IgA antibodies coincided with IgG1 antibodies, but antibody titres varied widely. From the results obtained with the sera from the experimentally infected pigs, we calculated the day at which 50% of the pigs had become positive (D50). A D50 of 5, 4, 12, 12 and 24 days was calculated, respectively, for the appearance of antibodies in the virus neutralization test, the IgM, total IgG, IgG1 and IgG2 ELISA. A D50 of 49 days was calculated for the disappearance of IgM antibodies. The isotype specific ELISAs proved to be valuable tools to study the epidemiology of the disease
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)277-284
    JournalEpidemiology and Infection
    Volume128
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Keywords

    • monoclonal-antibodies
    • pigs
    • responses
    • infection

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