Isolation and whole genome sequencing of a Ruminococcus-like bacterium, associated with irritable bowel syndrome

U. Hynönen, P. Rasinkangas, R. Satokari, L. Paulin, W.M. de Vos, T.E. Pietilä, R. Kant, A. Palva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In our previous studies on the intestinal microbiota in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), we identified a bacterial phylotype with higher abundance in patients suffering from diarrhea than in healthy controls. In the present work, we have isolated in pure culture strain RT94, belonging to this phylotype, determined its whole genome sequence and performed an extensive genomic analysis and phenotypical testing. This revealed strain RT94 to be a strict anaerobe apparently belonging to a novel species with only 94% similarity in the 16S rRNA gene sequence to the closest relatives Ruminococcus torques and Ruminococcus lactaris. The G + C content of strain RT94 is 45.2 mol% and the major long-chain cellular fatty acids are C16:0, C18:0 and C14:0. The isolate is metabolically versatile but not a mucus or cellulose utilizer. It produces acetate, ethanol, succinate, lactate and formate, but very little butyrate, as end products of glucose metabolism. The mechanisms underlying the association of strain RT94 with diarrhea-type IBS are discussed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
JournalAnaerobe
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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