Isolation and quantification of alginate in choline chloride-based deep eutectic solvents

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Extraction of seaweed compounds using Deep Eutectic Solvents (DES) has shown high interest. Quantification, however, is challenging due to interactions with DES components. In this research work, three chemical separation techniques were investigated to isolate and quantify alginate from a set of choline chloride-based DES. While choline chloride served as the hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA); Urea, Ethylene Glycol, Propylene Glycol, Glycerol, Sorbitol, Xylitol and Glucose were used as hydrogen bond donors (HBD). DES containing sodium alginate were subjected to precipitation with sulfuric acid 0.2 M (pH 1.6), ethanol-water mixture (80 % v/v) and calcium chloride (1 % w/v CaCl2·2H2O). Alginate in precipitates was quantified and used to evaluate the performance of each separation technique. The highest recovery yields (51.2 ± 1.3 %) were obtained using the ethanol-water mixture followed by calcium chloride (45.7 ± 1.2 %), except for polyols (e.g. sorbitol). The lowest recovery yields were obtained with acid, with a particularly low recovery yield when urea was used as HBD (9.6 ± 1.3 %). Estimations of ManA/GulA ratios showed lower values for precipitates from DES compared to the ones obtained from water. This research shows ethanolic precipitation as a suitable method for alginate separation from the studied set of choline chloride-based DES.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130103
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


  • Alginate
  • Deep eutectic solvents
  • Precipitation


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