Isolation and physical characterization of an exocellular polysaccharide

R. Tuinier, P. Zoon, C. Olieman, M.A. Cohen Stuart, G.J. Fleer, C.G. de Kruif

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70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The physical properties of a polysaccharide produced by the lactic acid bacterium Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris strain NIZO B40 were investigated. Separation of the polysaccharide from most low molar mass compounds in the culture broth was performed by filtration processes. Residual proteins and peptides were removed by washing with a mixture of formic acid, ethanol, and water. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) was used to size fractionate the polysaccharide. Fractions were analyzed by multiangle static light scattering in aqueous 0.10M NaNO3 solutions from which a number- (Mn) and weight-averaged (Mw) molar mass of (1.47 ± 0.06) ? 103 and (1.62 ± 0.07) ? 103 kg/mol, respectively, were calculated so that Mw/Mn 1.13. The number-averaged radius of gyration was found to be 86 ± 2 nm. From dynamic light scattering an apparent z-averaged diffusion coefficient was obtained. Upon correcting for the contributions from intramolecular modes by extrapolating to zero wave vector a hydrodynamic radius of 86 ± 4 nm was calculated. Theoretical models for random coil polymers show that this z-averaged hydrodynamic radius is consistent with the z-averaged radius of gyration, 97 ± 3 nm, as found with GPC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalBiopolymers
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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