Is beer consumption related to measures of abdominal and general obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis

N.T. Bendsen, R. Christensen, E.M. Bartels, F.J. Kok, A. Sierksma, A. Raben, A. Astrup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic review was conducted to assess the evidence linking beer consumption to abdominal and general obesity. Following a systematic search strategy, 35 eligible observational studies and 12 experimental studies were identified. Regarding abdominal obesity, most observational data pointed towards a positive association or no association between beer intake and waist circumference or waist-to-hip ratio in men, whereas results for women were inconsistent. Data from a subset of studies indicated that beer intake¿>¿500¿mL/day may be positively associated with abdominal obesity. Regarding general obesity, most observational studies pointed towards an inverse association or no association between beer intake and body weight in women and a positive association or no association in men. Data from six experimental studies in men, in which alcoholic beer was compared with low-alcoholic beer, suggested that consumption of alcoholic beer (for 21–126 days) results in weight gain (0.73¿kg; P¿
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-87
JournalNutrition Reviews
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • to-hip ratio
  • body-mass index
  • density-lipoprotein cholesterol
  • moderate alcohol-consumption
  • randomized controlled-trial
  • middle-aged men
  • blood-pressure
  • weight-gain
  • waist circumference
  • risk-factor

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