Intrusive growth of flax phloem fibers is of intercalary type

M. Ageeva, B. Petrovská, H. Kieft, V.V. Sal'nikov, A.V. Snegireva, J.E.G. van Dam, W.L.H. van Veenendaal, A.M.C. Emons, T.A. Gorshkova, A.A.M. van Lammeren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) phloem fibers elongate considerably during their development and intrude between existing cells. We questioned whether fiber elongation is caused by cell tip growth or intercalary growth. Cells with tip growth are characterized by having two specific zones of cytoplasm in the cell tip, one with vesicles and no large organelles at the very tip and one with various organelles amongst others longitudinally arranged cortical microtubules in the subapex. Such zones were not observed in elongating flax fibers. Instead, organelles moved into the very tip region, and cortical microtubules showed transversal and helical configurations as known for cells growing in intercalary way. In addition, pulse-chase experiments with Calcofluor White resulted in a spotted fluorescence in the cell wall all over the length of the fiber. Therefore, it is concluded that fiber elongation is not achieved by tip growth but by intercalary growth. The intrusively growing fiber is a coenocytic cell that has no plasmodesmata, making the fibers a symplastically isolated domain within the stem.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-574
JournalPlanta
Volume222
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • arabidopsis root hairs
  • cell expansion
  • tip growth
  • cytoskeleton
  • plant
  • microtubules
  • polarity

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