Introduction to Cultural Services

Aad C. Smaal, Øivind Strand

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Cultural services of marine bivalves are of high value as they provide
well-being in many different ways. These services are more difficult to quantify but
provide a lot of qualities. Shell collectioning, shells as archives, community efforts
for bivalve restoration and gardening are some cases of cultural services. Marine
bivalves have been recognized as a carrier of a variety of cultures since pre-historic
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGoods and Services of Marine Bivalves
EditorsAad C. Smaal, Joao G. Ferreira, Jon Grant, Jens K. Petersen, Øivind Strand
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)9783319967769
ISBN (Print)9783319967752
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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