Intra- and inter-metabolite correlation spectroscopy of tomato metabolomics data obtained by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance

S.I.A. Moco, J. Forshed, C.H. de Vos, R.J. Bino, J.J.M. Vervoort

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Abstract

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LCMS) are frequently used as technological platforms for metabolomics applications. In this study, the metabolic profiles of ripe fruits from 50 different tomato cultivars, including beef, cherry and round types, were recorded by both 1H NMR and accurate mass LC-quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) MS. Different analytical selectivities were found for these both profiling techniques. In fact, NMR and LCMS provided complementary data, as the metabolites detected belong to essentially different metabolic pathways. Yet, upon unsupervised multivariate analysis, both NMR and LCMS datasets revealed a clear segregation of, on the one hand, the cherry tomatoes and, on the other hand, the beef and round tomatoes. Intra-method (NMR¿NMR, LCMS¿LCMS) and inter-method (NMR¿LCMS) correlation analyses were performed enabling the annotation of metabolites from highly correlating metabolite signals. Signals belonging to the same metabolite or to chemically related metabolites are among the highest correlations found. Inter-method correlation analysis produced highly informative and complementary information for the identification of metabolites, even in de case of low abundant NMR signals. The applied approach appears to be a promising strategy in extending the analytical capacities of these metabolomics techniques with regard to the discovery and identification of biomarkers and yet unknown metabolites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-215
JournalMetabolomics
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Keywords

  • multivariate-analysis
  • h-1-nmr spectroscopy
  • fruit
  • nmr
  • identification
  • lc/ms
  • fusion

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