Interrill and rill erodibility in the northern andean highlands

C. Romero, L. Stroosnijder, G.A. Baigorria

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58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a lack of quantitative information describing the physical processes causing soil erosion in the Andean Highlands, especially those related to interrill and rill erodibility factors. To assess how susceptible are soils to erosion in this region, field measurements of interrill (Ki) and rill (Kr) erodibility factors were evaluated. These values were compared against two equations used by the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP), and also compared against the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) erodibility factor. Ki observed in situ ranged from 1.9 to 56 × 105 kg s m¿ 4 whereas Kr ranged from 0.3 to 14 × 10¿ 3 s m¿ 1. Sand, clay, silt, very fine sand and organic matter fractions were determined in order to apply WEPP and USLE procedures. Most of the evaluated soils had low erodibility values. However, the estimated USLE K values were in the low range of erodibility values. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were applied to ascertain the influence of the independent soil parameters on the Ki and Kr values. After this, we yield two empirical equations to estimate Ki and Kr under this Andean Highlands conditions. Ki was estimated using as predictors silt and very fine sand, while Kr used as predictors clay, very fine sand and organic matter content. Relationship among Ki, Kr and K are described for the Highland Andean soils.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-113
JournalCatena
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • volcanic ash soils
  • rainfall simulator
  • erosion processes
  • ecuadorian andes
  • susceptibility
  • runoff
  • forest
  • model

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    Romero, C., Stroosnijder, L., & Baigorria, G. A. (2007). Interrill and rill erodibility in the northern andean highlands. Catena, 70(2), 105-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2006.07.005