Hypothesis: Escin, a monodesmosidic triterpenoid saponin, was shown previously to form viscoelastic interfaces with a very high dilatational and surface shear storage modulus. This is expected to be due to the arrangement of Escin into 2D disordered soft viscoelastic solid interfacial structures, which results in turn in a distribution of relaxation times. Experiments: The responses to dilatational and surface shear deformations of Escin-stabilized air-water interfaces were studied, both in the linear viscoelastic (LVE) and non-linear (NLVE) regime. Step relaxation and amplitude sweeps were performed in dilatation experiments. For surface shear, amplitude sweeps and creep recovery experiments were performed. Findings: Escin stabilized-interfaces displayed a highly non-linear behavior in dilatation as seen in the Lissajous plots. In large oscillatory shear the Lissajous curves had a rhomboidal shape, indicating intracycle yielding and recovery, typical of glassy systems. The relaxation of the interface showed stretched exponential behavior, with stretched exponents typical of disordered solids with dynamic heterogeneity. The use of surface rheological measurements beyond the commonly measured LVE regime clearly has provided new insights into the behavior of these interfaces and their microstructure. These results highlight the need to reconsider other complex interfaces as disordered solids and not as 2D homogenous viscoelastic fluids.
- Interfacial rheology
- Non-linear Viscoelastic (NLVE) regime
- Stretched exponential