Interactive effects between physical forces and ecoystem engieneers on seed burial: a case study using Spartina anglica

Z. Zhu, F. Cozzoli, N. Chu, M. Salvador, T. Ysebaert, L. Zhang, P.M.J. Herman, T.J. Bouma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seed burial (i.e. vertical seed dispersal) has become increasingly valued for its relevance for seed fate and plant recruitment. While ecosystem engineers have been generally considered as the most important drivers of seed burial, the role of physical forces, such as wind or water flow, has been largely overlooked. Using tidal habitats as a model system, and a combination of flume and mesocosm experiments, we investigated the effects of 1) currents, 2) benthic animals with different engineering activities and 3) their interplay on seed burial of a common salt marsh pioneer plant, Spartina anglica. Our results reveal that in such systems, water flow can be of equal or higher importance than ecosystem engineers for seed burial. For passive seed-burying engineers (PSE), coupling their actions with currents produced synergistic seed burial effects, whereas the interactive effects were only additive for active seed-burying engineers (ASE). This paper extends current understanding of seed burial and seed bank formation by revealing the need to incorporate physical forces into seed burial mechanisms. We provide the first empirical evidence that physical forces influence seed burial by synergistically interacting with ecosystem engineers, thus highlighting the role of biophysical interactions as important drivers for vertical seed movement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-106
JournalOikos
Volume125
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

seed burial
Spartina anglica
case studies
seeds
seed
ecosystem
water flow
engineers
effect
mesocosm
seed bank
seed dispersal
saltmarsh
pioneer species
buried seeds
salt marshes
engineering
sodium chloride

Cite this

Zhu, Z. ; Cozzoli, F. ; Chu, N. ; Salvador, M. ; Ysebaert, T. ; Zhang, L. ; Herman, P.M.J. ; Bouma, T.J. / Interactive effects between physical forces and ecoystem engieneers on seed burial: a case study using Spartina anglica. In: Oikos. 2016 ; Vol. 125, No. 1. pp. 98-106.
@article{f20e18fec8bc4f4bb9e371e32377d7bc,
title = "Interactive effects between physical forces and ecoystem engieneers on seed burial: a case study using Spartina anglica",
abstract = "Seed burial (i.e. vertical seed dispersal) has become increasingly valued for its relevance for seed fate and plant recruitment. While ecosystem engineers have been generally considered as the most important drivers of seed burial, the role of physical forces, such as wind or water flow, has been largely overlooked. Using tidal habitats as a model system, and a combination of flume and mesocosm experiments, we investigated the effects of 1) currents, 2) benthic animals with different engineering activities and 3) their interplay on seed burial of a common salt marsh pioneer plant, Spartina anglica. Our results reveal that in such systems, water flow can be of equal or higher importance than ecosystem engineers for seed burial. For passive seed-burying engineers (PSE), coupling their actions with currents produced synergistic seed burial effects, whereas the interactive effects were only additive for active seed-burying engineers (ASE). This paper extends current understanding of seed burial and seed bank formation by revealing the need to incorporate physical forces into seed burial mechanisms. We provide the first empirical evidence that physical forces influence seed burial by synergistically interacting with ecosystem engineers, thus highlighting the role of biophysical interactions as important drivers for vertical seed movement.",
author = "Z. Zhu and F. Cozzoli and N. Chu and M. Salvador and T. Ysebaert and L. Zhang and P.M.J. Herman and T.J. Bouma",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/oik.02340",
language = "English",
volume = "125",
pages = "98--106",
journal = "Oikos",
issn = "0030-1299",
publisher = "Nordic Ecological Society",
number = "1",

}

Zhu, Z, Cozzoli, F, Chu, N, Salvador, M, Ysebaert, T, Zhang, L, Herman, PMJ & Bouma, TJ 2016, 'Interactive effects between physical forces and ecoystem engieneers on seed burial: a case study using Spartina anglica', Oikos, vol. 125, no. 1, pp. 98-106. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.02340

Interactive effects between physical forces and ecoystem engieneers on seed burial: a case study using Spartina anglica. / Zhu, Z.; Cozzoli, F.; Chu, N.; Salvador, M.; Ysebaert, T.; Zhang, L.; Herman, P.M.J.; Bouma, T.J.

In: Oikos, Vol. 125, No. 1, 2016, p. 98-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interactive effects between physical forces and ecoystem engieneers on seed burial: a case study using Spartina anglica

AU - Zhu, Z.

AU - Cozzoli, F.

AU - Chu, N.

AU - Salvador, M.

AU - Ysebaert, T.

AU - Zhang, L.

AU - Herman, P.M.J.

AU - Bouma, T.J.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Seed burial (i.e. vertical seed dispersal) has become increasingly valued for its relevance for seed fate and plant recruitment. While ecosystem engineers have been generally considered as the most important drivers of seed burial, the role of physical forces, such as wind or water flow, has been largely overlooked. Using tidal habitats as a model system, and a combination of flume and mesocosm experiments, we investigated the effects of 1) currents, 2) benthic animals with different engineering activities and 3) their interplay on seed burial of a common salt marsh pioneer plant, Spartina anglica. Our results reveal that in such systems, water flow can be of equal or higher importance than ecosystem engineers for seed burial. For passive seed-burying engineers (PSE), coupling their actions with currents produced synergistic seed burial effects, whereas the interactive effects were only additive for active seed-burying engineers (ASE). This paper extends current understanding of seed burial and seed bank formation by revealing the need to incorporate physical forces into seed burial mechanisms. We provide the first empirical evidence that physical forces influence seed burial by synergistically interacting with ecosystem engineers, thus highlighting the role of biophysical interactions as important drivers for vertical seed movement.

AB - Seed burial (i.e. vertical seed dispersal) has become increasingly valued for its relevance for seed fate and plant recruitment. While ecosystem engineers have been generally considered as the most important drivers of seed burial, the role of physical forces, such as wind or water flow, has been largely overlooked. Using tidal habitats as a model system, and a combination of flume and mesocosm experiments, we investigated the effects of 1) currents, 2) benthic animals with different engineering activities and 3) their interplay on seed burial of a common salt marsh pioneer plant, Spartina anglica. Our results reveal that in such systems, water flow can be of equal or higher importance than ecosystem engineers for seed burial. For passive seed-burying engineers (PSE), coupling their actions with currents produced synergistic seed burial effects, whereas the interactive effects were only additive for active seed-burying engineers (ASE). This paper extends current understanding of seed burial and seed bank formation by revealing the need to incorporate physical forces into seed burial mechanisms. We provide the first empirical evidence that physical forces influence seed burial by synergistically interacting with ecosystem engineers, thus highlighting the role of biophysical interactions as important drivers for vertical seed movement.

U2 - 10.1111/oik.02340

DO - 10.1111/oik.02340

M3 - Article

VL - 125

SP - 98

EP - 106

JO - Oikos

JF - Oikos

SN - 0030-1299

IS - 1

ER -