Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have indicated that gene polymorphisms in alleles of RAS p21 protein activator 2 (RASA2), cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha subunit inhibitor (HIF1AN) are associated with the risk of obesity. In this study, we explored the interactions between candidate SNPs of RASA2 (rs16851483), CADM1 (rs12286929) and HIF1AN (rs17094222) and body fatness for breast cancer risk. Unconditional logistic regression models were applied to measure the associations of related factors with breast cancer by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). It was observed that cases had a statistically higher body mass index (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2, OR = 1.77), waist circumference (WC ≥ 90cm, OR = 2.89) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR ≥ 0.9, OR = 3.41) as compared to controls. Significant differences were also found in the genotype distributions of RASA2 rs16851483 T/T homozygote and CADM1 rs12286929 G/A heterozygote between cases and controls, with an OR of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.10-2.56) and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.64-0.99), respectively. Furthermore, significant interactions were observed between polymorphisms of three genes and body fatness for the risk of breast cancer based on both additive and multiplicative scales. These results of our study suggest that body fatness possibly plays an important role in the development of breast cancer and this risk might be modified by specific genotypes of some potential genes, especially for obese women in China.
- Breast cancer
- Gene polymorphisms