Integrating traditional ecological knowledge into academic research at local and global scales

Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque*, David Ludwig, Ivanilda Soares Feitosa, Joelson Moreno Brito de Moura, Paulo Henrique Santos Gonçalves, Risoneide Henriques da Silva, Taline Cristina da Silva, Thiago Gonçalves-Souza, Washington Soares Ferreira Júnior

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Researchers have become increasingly concerned with the relation between traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and academic ecological knowledge (AEK). TEK includes complex predictive resources that often remain insufficiently reflected in ecological research, conservation practices, and ecosystem services. At the same time, knowledge integration comes with methodological and political challenges of negotiating differences between knowledge systems. In this article, we provide evidence from different scales (population, community, and ecosystems) about how TEK and AEK can be related when addressing the same phenomena. Finally, we discuss the possibilities of relating TEK and AEK through a perspective of complementarity of knowledge, taking existing differences as opportunities for dialogue.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45
JournalRegional Environmental Change
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2021


  • Applied ecology
  • Conservation of nature
  • Ethnobiology
  • Local ecological knowledge

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