Integrated pest management : farmer field schools generate sustainable practices : a case study in Central Java evaluating IPM training

E. van de Fliert

    Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

    Abstract

    <p>An evaluation study of the National Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Programme in Indonesia was conducted in one Central-Javanese district looking into processes and effects occurring at the village level when sustainable practices in rice cultivation, which contrast in many respects with the prevailing high-external- input technology, are introduced through nonformal farmer training in conditions created by policy measures. The IPM training contents consisted of a set of principles, instead of preset recommendation, providing the farmers with a tool for decision making. Training processes were field-oriented and based on experiential learning. Main objective was that farmers become independent decision makers and managers of their farms. Trainers performed as facilitators of the learning process. As a result of training, farmers took better-informed pest management decisions, pesticide use and expenditures on pest control decreased, yields increased, and yield variability became smaller. Horizontal communication on IPM was hampered by the non-representativeness of trained farmers in the farming communities.<p>The nonformal training approach appeared to be consistent with the ecological approach of IPM. The experience of the Indonesian IPM Programme showed interesting perspectives for extension supporting sustainable agriculture.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Röling, N.G., Promotor
    • Zadoks, J.C., Co-promotor
    Award date16 Jun 1993
    Place of PublicationWageningen
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs9789054851240
    Publication statusPublished - 1993

    Keywords

    • control methods
    • plant pests
    • plant diseases
    • integrated pest management
    • integrated control
    • education
    • training
    • farmer field schools
    • java

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