Institutionalizing end-user demand steering in agricultural R&D: Farmer levy funding of R&D in The Netherlands

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the institutionalization of demand-driven modes of working in the R&D planning process and reveal possible weaknesses, through an analysis of a system of collective R&D funding by farmers. The findings indicate that, although end-users have the opportunity to raise issues that lead to R&D, queries are influenced by several actors in the R&D planning process in such a way that they do not adequately reflect farmers¿ innovation needs. Conclusions are that more emphasis is required on joint demand articulation and involvement of end-users and other stakeholders in the innovation process, and on the institutional development of R&D funding organizations in order to adopt a more inclusive view on innovation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)460-472
    JournalResearch Policy
    Volume37
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Keywords

    • innovation theory
    • systems
    • impact
    • management
    • design
    • participation
    • perspective
    • technology
    • diversity
    • extension

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