Institutional change and the quality of palm oil: an analysis of the artisanal processing sector in Ghana

C. Osei-Amponsah, T.J. Stomph, L.E. Visser, O. Sakyi-Dawson, S. Adjei-Nsiah, P.C. Struik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Ghana, most oil palm fruits are produced by smallholders and processed by female artisanal processors. However, the ensuing crude palm oil (CPO) is high in free fatty acids and therefore cannot be sold in remunerative local or export markets. An earlier diagnostic study indicated that two main factors cause the poor quality: the processing practice of leaving harvested fruits unprocessed for up to 21 days and the use of lorry tyres as fuel to cook the fruits. Furthermore, the tyre-burning practice affects the health of people working and living around the processing facilities. This study describes the effect of action research undertaken with processors and the creation of a stakeholder platform in which Chiefs, the District Assembly, and a Concertation and Innovation Group collaborated to address the issues. The emerging institutional changes are assessed against baseline information. Awareness was raised about the dangers of tyre-burning, and CPO quality was improved by establishing the optimal time to leave fruits before processing. However, the prevailing market circumstances led producers to opt to produce greater quantities of oil rather than better-quality oil.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-247
JournalInternational Journal of Agricultural Sustainability
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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palm oils
Ghana
tires
fruits
oils
Elaeis guineensis
stakeholders
free fatty acids
markets
Palm oil
Institutional change
Fruit
Tire
Oil

Keywords

  • fields

Cite this

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title = "Institutional change and the quality of palm oil: an analysis of the artisanal processing sector in Ghana",
abstract = "In Ghana, most oil palm fruits are produced by smallholders and processed by female artisanal processors. However, the ensuing crude palm oil (CPO) is high in free fatty acids and therefore cannot be sold in remunerative local or export markets. An earlier diagnostic study indicated that two main factors cause the poor quality: the processing practice of leaving harvested fruits unprocessed for up to 21 days and the use of lorry tyres as fuel to cook the fruits. Furthermore, the tyre-burning practice affects the health of people working and living around the processing facilities. This study describes the effect of action research undertaken with processors and the creation of a stakeholder platform in which Chiefs, the District Assembly, and a Concertation and Innovation Group collaborated to address the issues. The emerging institutional changes are assessed against baseline information. Awareness was raised about the dangers of tyre-burning, and CPO quality was improved by establishing the optimal time to leave fruits before processing. However, the prevailing market circumstances led producers to opt to produce greater quantities of oil rather than better-quality oil.",
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Institutional change and the quality of palm oil: an analysis of the artisanal processing sector in Ghana. / Osei-Amponsah, C.; Stomph, T.J.; Visser, L.E.; Sakyi-Dawson, O.; Adjei-Nsiah, S.; Struik, P.C.

In: International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2014, p. 233-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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