Institutional bricolage of SFM implemented in rural settlements in Caatinga biome, Brazil.E

J.H. Behagel, Joana Mattei Faggin

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract


Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) implementation strategies articulate different aims, goals and interests across different scales of governance and social-ecological contexts. When SFM is implemented in common pool or public forests, governmental initiatives often play a central role in defining formal institutions that will interact with the local social-ecological context. Previous research shows that local populations and communities as well as ecological context play key-factor shaping SFM practices. This paper applies a critical institutionalism lens to analyse how interactions between institutions linked to SFM implementation strategies with already existent institutions on the ground result in (un) expected governance outcomes. Using Caatinga biome, in Northeast Brazil, as a case study, we show how local actors (bricoleurs) perform institutional bricolage processes, rejecting, adapting or integrating institutions linked to SFM implementation strategies to their social-ecological contexts. The paper is based on the qualitative analysis of twenty interviews with local and governmental actors, and site visits. From our analysis of governmental initiatives that support SFM implementation in rural settlements in Caatinga we conclude, first, that formal institutions do not align with all the different roles that forests resources have in the livelihood of local actors, being mostly focused on the production of forest biomass for energy supply. Second, we conclude that local communities nevertheless adapt the implementation of SFM to be better aligned with the way they socially organize their activities. Finally, we found that the success of SFM implementation is highly dependent on the quality and number of interactions among local actors in a specific social-ecological context, achieving positive results only when these interactions help to face challenges, specifically those linked to bureaucracy and to technical capacity
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventSecond International Forest Policy Meeting (2IFPM) - Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
Duration: 11 Apr 201813 Apr 2018


ConferenceSecond International Forest Policy Meeting (2IFPM)


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