Inquiry-based Science Education Competence of Primary School Teachers: A Delphi Study

E. Alake-Tuenter, H.J.A. Biemans, H. Tobi, M. Mulder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Earlier, extracted inquiry-based science teaching competency elements and domains from the international literature were compared to the United States' National Science Teaching Standards. The present Delphi study aimed to validate the findings for the Netherlands, where such standards are lacking. Experts (N = 33) were asked about the importance of 23 identified competencies. They confirmed the importance; proposed to add one competency and to differentiate between novice and experienced teachers. They suggested that teachers be provided with opportunities to integrate competence development regarding science knowledge, attitude and teaching skills throughout their career
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-24
JournalTeaching and Teacher Education
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • pedagogical content knowledge
  • elementary teachers
  • education
  • constructivist
  • instruction
  • standards
  • program
  • work
  • pck


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