Influence of the polydispersity of pH 2 and pH 3.5 beta-lactoglobulin amyloid fibril solutions on analytical methods

Timon R. Heyn, Vasil M. Garamus, Hendrikje R. Neumann, Maximilian J. Uttinger, Tobias Guckeisen, Monique Heuer, Christine Selhuber-Unkel, Wolfgang Peukert, Julia K. Keppler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is well known that amyloid beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) fibril solutions contain a heterogeneous mixture of amyloid aggregates and non-amyloid material. However, few information are available on how strongly separated fractions of different morphologies (straight fibrils at pH 2 and worm-like aggregates at pH 3.5) vary with respect to physicochemical properties and building blocks as most analyses are conducted with unfractionized solutions where superposition effects occur. The pH-value shift resulted in an altered degree of acid hydrolysis which led to dissimilar building blocks of the aggregates (peptides at pH 2, non-hydrolyzed protein at pH 3.5). The respective separated amyloid and non-amyloid fractions showed significantly different size (SAXS, SEC, AUC) and charge properties (Zeta potential) than the whole samples. Strong superposition effects were evident with common analyses such as FTIR, TRP fluorescence and Thioflavin-T. At the same time, structural differences of pH 2 and pH 3.5 aggregates could be presented more clearly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109211
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Amyloid aggregates
  • AUC
  • Beta-lactoglobulin
  • Building-blocks
  • Fibrils
  • Polydispersity
  • SAXS
  • Superposition effects
  • Whey-protein
  • Worm-like fibrils

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