Frequent rectal ultrasound is often used to assess time of ovulation. This study investigated whether frequent rectal ultrasound examination, affects behavioural oestrus and peri-ovulatory hormone profiles (LH, oestradiol and progesterone). Additionally, the relation between peri-ovulatory hormone profiles, oestrous behaviour and time of ovulation was studied. Oestrus was synchronised in two consecutive cycles of Holstein Friesian cattle (parity from 1 to 6; n=24 cycles). In 12 of these cycles, time of ovulation was assessed by three-hourly rectal ultrasound (assessment of ovulation time with ultrasound group: UG) the other half served as controls (n=2; no assessment of ovulation time group: CG). There were no significant differences between the onset of oestrus (33.8±1.6 h), duration of oestrus (13.4±0.9 h) or intensity of oestrous behaviour (1047±180 points) between UG and CG treated animals. Furthermore, LH, oestradiol and progesterone profiles were similar between UG and CG. For UG, ovulation took place 30.2±1.9 h after onset of oestrus. This interval had the largest variation (21 h) of all parameters studied, ranging between 19 and 40 h after onset of oestrus. The smallest variation (6 h) was found in the timing of ovulation in relation to the LH-peak; ovulation took place 25.3±0.6 h (range: 21.5-27.5 h) after the peak in LH. This study demonstrated that repeated rectal ultrasound does not alter behavioural oestrus or peri-ovulatory hormone profiles and is therefore a useful tool for assessing time of ovulation. Further research, using ultrasound, can now be carried out to find predictors for time of ovulation.
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- peripheral plasma-concentrations
- follicular dynamics