The influence of pH and ionic strength on gel formation and gel properties of soy protein isolate (SPI) in relation to denaturation and protein aggregation/precipitation was studied. Denaturation proved to be a prerequisite for gel formation under all conditions of pH and ionic strength studied. Gels exhibited a low stiffness at pH >6 and a high stiffness at pH 5 less protein and especially fewer acidic polypeptides take part in the network, coinciding with less stiff gels. At pH 7.6, extensive rearrangements in the network structure took place during prolonged heating, whereas at pH 3.8 rearrangements did not occur.
- soybean beta-conglycinin