Influence of Growth Conditions and Developmental Stage on N-Glycan Heterogeneity of Transgenic Immunoglobulin G and Endogenous Proteins in Tobacco Leaves

I.J.W. Elbers, G.M. Stoopen, H. Bakker, L.H. Stevens, M. Bardor, J.W. Molthoff, W.J.R.M. Jordi, H.J. Bosch, A. Lommen

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Abstract

Plants are regarded as a promising system for the production of heterologous proteins. However, little is known about the influence of plant development and growth conditions on N-linked glycosylation. To investigate this, transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv Samsun NN) plants expressing a mouse immunoglobulin G antibody (MGR48) were grown in climate rooms under four different climate conditions, i.e. at 15°C and 25°C and at either low or high light conditions. N-glycans on plantibodies and soluble endogenous proteins were analyzed with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS). Antibodies isolated from young leaves have a relatively high amount of high- mannose glycans compared with antibodies from older leaves, which contain more terminal N-acetylglucosamine. Senescence was shown to affect the glycosylation profile of endogenous proteins. The relative amount of N-glycans without terminal N-acetylglucosamine increased with leaf age. Major differences were observed between glycan structures on endogenous proteins versus those on antibodies, probably to be attributed to their subcellular localization. The relatively high percentage of antibody N-glycan lacking both xylose and fucose is interesting
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1314-1322
JournalPlant Physiology
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • rheumatoid-arthritis
  • leaf senescence
  • plant-cells
  • glycosylation
  • antibodies
  • igg
  • oligosaccharides
  • biosynthesis
  • glycoproteins
  • expression

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