Influence of double (w1/o/w2) emulsion composition on lubrication properties

A.K.L. Oppermann, Lisa Verkaaik, M.A. Stieger, E. Scholten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Double (w1/o/w2) emulsions are potential fat replacers in foods. Fats are known for their lubricating properties, which contribute to texture perception. It is therefore of interest to understand how the composition of double emulsions influences lubrication properties. This study focuses on the understanding of the influence of the fraction of inner dispersed aqueous phase w1 and the gelation of the w1 droplets on the lubrication properties of double emulsions. The addition of an inner water phase w1 to the oil droplets decreased friction at low entrainment speeds due to adsorption of the lipophilic emulsifier polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) at the hydrophobic tribo-surface. At higher entrainment speeds, double emulsions with w1 fractions of up to 6% (corresponding to fat reduction of 20%) displayed comparable tribological behavior as full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. For double emulsions with gelled w1 droplets at higher w1 fractions of up to 15% (corresponding to fat reduction of 50%), an increase in friction was observed compared to full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. The increase in friction is probably related to the presence of gelled droplets expelled from the inner w1 into the outer w2 phase, and to the deformability of (w1/o) droplets. Lubrication decreased when gelled particles were expelled from the inner w1 phase to the outer w2 phase. Lubrication also decreased when the deformability of (w1/o) droplets decreased, since less deformable (w1/o) droplets spread less easily on the tribo-pair surface. Knowledge about lubrication properties of double emulsions can be used in future studies to relate composition to sensory perception and develop double emulsions further as fat replacers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-532
JournalFood & Function
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Lubrication
Emulsions
emulsions
droplets
Fats
Friction
friction
fat replacers
lipids
emulsifiers
gelation
Adsorption
Oils
adsorption
water
texture
Food
oils

Cite this

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title = "Influence of double (w1/o/w2) emulsion composition on lubrication properties",
abstract = "Double (w1/o/w2) emulsions are potential fat replacers in foods. Fats are known for their lubricating properties, which contribute to texture perception. It is therefore of interest to understand how the composition of double emulsions influences lubrication properties. This study focuses on the understanding of the influence of the fraction of inner dispersed aqueous phase w1 and the gelation of the w1 droplets on the lubrication properties of double emulsions. The addition of an inner water phase w1 to the oil droplets decreased friction at low entrainment speeds due to adsorption of the lipophilic emulsifier polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) at the hydrophobic tribo-surface. At higher entrainment speeds, double emulsions with w1 fractions of up to 6{\%} (corresponding to fat reduction of 20{\%}) displayed comparable tribological behavior as full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. For double emulsions with gelled w1 droplets at higher w1 fractions of up to 15{\%} (corresponding to fat reduction of 50{\%}), an increase in friction was observed compared to full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. The increase in friction is probably related to the presence of gelled droplets expelled from the inner w1 into the outer w2 phase, and to the deformability of (w1/o) droplets. Lubrication decreased when gelled particles were expelled from the inner w1 phase to the outer w2 phase. Lubrication also decreased when the deformability of (w1/o) droplets decreased, since less deformable (w1/o) droplets spread less easily on the tribo-pair surface. Knowledge about lubrication properties of double emulsions can be used in future studies to relate composition to sensory perception and develop double emulsions further as fat replacers.",
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Influence of double (w1/o/w2) emulsion composition on lubrication properties. / Oppermann, A.K.L.; Verkaaik, Lisa; Stieger, M.A.; Scholten, E.

In: Food & Function, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2017, p. 522-532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of double (w1/o/w2) emulsion composition on lubrication properties

AU - Oppermann, A.K.L.

AU - Verkaaik, Lisa

AU - Stieger, M.A.

AU - Scholten, E.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Double (w1/o/w2) emulsions are potential fat replacers in foods. Fats are known for their lubricating properties, which contribute to texture perception. It is therefore of interest to understand how the composition of double emulsions influences lubrication properties. This study focuses on the understanding of the influence of the fraction of inner dispersed aqueous phase w1 and the gelation of the w1 droplets on the lubrication properties of double emulsions. The addition of an inner water phase w1 to the oil droplets decreased friction at low entrainment speeds due to adsorption of the lipophilic emulsifier polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) at the hydrophobic tribo-surface. At higher entrainment speeds, double emulsions with w1 fractions of up to 6% (corresponding to fat reduction of 20%) displayed comparable tribological behavior as full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. For double emulsions with gelled w1 droplets at higher w1 fractions of up to 15% (corresponding to fat reduction of 50%), an increase in friction was observed compared to full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. The increase in friction is probably related to the presence of gelled droplets expelled from the inner w1 into the outer w2 phase, and to the deformability of (w1/o) droplets. Lubrication decreased when gelled particles were expelled from the inner w1 phase to the outer w2 phase. Lubrication also decreased when the deformability of (w1/o) droplets decreased, since less deformable (w1/o) droplets spread less easily on the tribo-pair surface. Knowledge about lubrication properties of double emulsions can be used in future studies to relate composition to sensory perception and develop double emulsions further as fat replacers.

AB - Double (w1/o/w2) emulsions are potential fat replacers in foods. Fats are known for their lubricating properties, which contribute to texture perception. It is therefore of interest to understand how the composition of double emulsions influences lubrication properties. This study focuses on the understanding of the influence of the fraction of inner dispersed aqueous phase w1 and the gelation of the w1 droplets on the lubrication properties of double emulsions. The addition of an inner water phase w1 to the oil droplets decreased friction at low entrainment speeds due to adsorption of the lipophilic emulsifier polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) at the hydrophobic tribo-surface. At higher entrainment speeds, double emulsions with w1 fractions of up to 6% (corresponding to fat reduction of 20%) displayed comparable tribological behavior as full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. For double emulsions with gelled w1 droplets at higher w1 fractions of up to 15% (corresponding to fat reduction of 50%), an increase in friction was observed compared to full-fat single (o/w2) emulsions. The increase in friction is probably related to the presence of gelled droplets expelled from the inner w1 into the outer w2 phase, and to the deformability of (w1/o) droplets. Lubrication decreased when gelled particles were expelled from the inner w1 phase to the outer w2 phase. Lubrication also decreased when the deformability of (w1/o) droplets decreased, since less deformable (w1/o) droplets spread less easily on the tribo-pair surface. Knowledge about lubrication properties of double emulsions can be used in future studies to relate composition to sensory perception and develop double emulsions further as fat replacers.

U2 - 10.1039/c6fo01523a

DO - 10.1039/c6fo01523a

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 522

EP - 532

JO - Food & Function

JF - Food & Function

SN - 2042-6496

IS - 2

ER -