Industrial Innovation, Labour Productivity, Sales and Employment

Geert Woltjer*, Michiel van Galen, Katja Logatcheva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the relationship between firm-level innovation and employment growth for industrial firms in the Netherlands. The empirical analysis uses four waves of the CIS survey for the period 2002-2010. It extends the literature by making an explicit split between the expansion effect of innovation and the labour productivity effect. The results show that both product and process innovation increase labour productivity and therefore induce direct reductions in employment. However, these negative employment effects are more than compensated by increases in sales, implying that both process and product innovations increase employment. In this article for the first time the relationship between both product and process innovations and employment is decomposed in a systematic manner based on explicit econometric equations on the relationship between innovation and labour productivity respectively sales. It is argued that the effects for sales and labour productivity are probably underestimated in all research that uses CIS survey data because these do not show the price effects of increased productivity, but that this effect cancels out in the estimated employment equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-113
JournalInternational Journal of the Economics of Business
Issue number1
Early online date28 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • community innovation survey
  • Employment
  • industry
  • innovation
  • labour productivity
  • Netherlands


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